Heart Health & Cardiovascular


  1. Procyanidins
    1. Are a class of supplements that share similar flavonoid structures. Procyanidin supplementation can improve blood flow and circulation.
    2. Procyanidin supplementation can help maintain nitric oxide levels. Low levels can cause blood vessels to narrow, leading to reduced blood flow. This makes procyanidins a good preventative supplement for high blood pressure. It can also alleviate high blood pressure caused by low NO levels. Keep in mind, not all cases of hypertension, or high blood pressure, are related to NO.
    3. Found in cocoa, grape seed extract, and pycnogenol (also known as pine bark extract)
  2. How to Take
    1. Pycnogenol take 100 – 200 mg a day.
    2. Grape Seed Extract take 150 – 300 mg a day.
    3. Cocoa take up to 1,000 mg to 25 g a day.
  3. Garlic
    1. Garlic is a good product and supplement known for its ability to boost the immune system and provide a variety of cardiovascular benefits.
    2. Garlic can improve blood flow without affecting blood pressure because of its sulfur content. Sulfur can improve hydrogen sulfide signalling, which leads to better circulation.
    3. Garlic also supports Nitric Oxide signalling, which can improve the effects of procyanidins.
    4. Garlic is also good for people with abnormal cholesterol levels. It can reduce LDL cholesterol and increase  HDL, which is sometimes called the ‘good’ cholesterol. Garlic protects arteries from plaque buildup and calcification, preventing excess minerals from stiffening the blood vessels.
  4. How to take
    1. Garlic can be eaten or supplemented. Both methods of ingestion will provide the same benefits. Supplementation is recommended for people that dislike the smell or taste of garlic. Supplementation of aged garlic extract will prevent bad breath that comes form eating garlic cloves.
  5. My Best Stack ‘would be’
    1. Base supplements for cardiovascular health would include procyanidin, aged garlic, and nitrates. All of these compounds can be ingested through food products, which would render supplementation unnecessary.
    2. To incorporate nitrates throughout the day, eat at least 500g to 1000g of Swiss chard, spinach, kale, crown daisy, lettuce, or beets (cooked)
    3. Or tuber vegetables like turnips.